Adopted by the King
Revelation 6-7


Father and son were walking together in a long line of scared, hungry people who'd just been herded off boxcars in the middle of Poland. Up ahead the father could see Nazi guards dividing the line into two groups. The old and infirm were shoved to one side; the young and healthy to the other. As they neared the soldiers, the father realized he would be separated from his son. He didn't know what fate awaited them inside those barbed wire fences. What words could he leave with his precious boy? The father remembered there was royal blood in the family's veins. He knelt down quickly, looked his son in the eye, and said, "No matter what happens, always remember you're the son of a king."

That father perished in the concentration camp. But his son carried those words with him the rest of his life. They were like a royal seal pressed into his mind. He knew who he was. And he lived a good, noble life-as the son of a king.

In this lesson we'll discover how history is moving toward a final holocaust. Seven seals, opened one by one, reveal the stages of Earth's journey. But we'll also discover how each one of us can come to the end of that journey—sealed as a child of the king.

Revelation 6 and 7 depict a time of great anticipation. The sounds of an intense celebration that echoed through the courts of heaven are quieting. Harps are stilled. Heavenly beings settle down. Voices grow silent. Because Jesus Christ, the Lamb, is now opening the scroll that had been closed with seven seals. Revelation 5 has built up to this moment in the heavenly drama. Great secrets are about to be revealed.

Let's look closely at this scroll in Christ's hands. In Bible times scrolls were usually made from papyrus. The papyrus plant was cut into strips and the strips were laid out in a cross-work pattern, moistened, pounded flat, and dried. Small rectangular sheets could be connected end-to-end to form a scroll up to thirty feet in length. The scroll was rolled up around a stick and tied with a string. A lump of clay or wax covered the string and was called a seal. Often a name or identifying logo would be pressed into the seal. Important documents were secured in this way. They were intended to be opened only when a designated individual broke the seal.

As Revelation 5 has shown us, Jesus is the only One worthy to open the seals. He's the only One with the authority to read the scroll. So what does He reveal? What's inside the book? Everything. The entire history of the Christian church—from the cross to the Second Coming—is laid out before us. We see the triumph of the gospel as followers of Jesus travel the world proclaiming His kingdom. We see the furious opposition of Satan, who tries desperately to keep individuals from accepting Christ into their lives. Before a watching universe, we see how every single human being plays a part in the great struggle between God and Satan.

John's previous vision of the seven churches was a review of the history of the Christian era. This prophecy of the seven seals in Revelation 6 covers the same time period from a different perspective. Also, keep in mind that Revelation as a whole builds on the apocalyptic prophecies in the book of Daniel. At the end of his visions, Daniel was given this message: "But you, Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book until the time of the end; many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall increase" (Daniel 12:4). A few verses later the prophet is told: "Go your way, Daniel, for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end" (vs. 9). Daniel was looking at events far in the future. But by John's day, these were the "things which must shortly take place" (Revelation 1:1). Whereas the message given to Daniel was sealed, John was told to write down what he saw (vs. 19). So let's study carefully this panoramic picture of Christian history. Jesus opens the seven seals one at a time, revealing a historical sequence. God wants to show us again how He has been working through history on our behalf. The period covered is between approximately A.D. 31 and the second coming of Jesus.

First Seal: The Conqueror
(First century—starts approximately A.D. 31)

Read Revelation 6:1, 2.

As the Lamb of God begins to open the first four seals, the curtain rises on four horses galloping one after another across the sky. The color of each horse says something about the spiritual state of the church in a certain era. And each horse's rider symbolizes Christian leaders of the time.

1. As the Lamb begins to open the seven seals, John sees four horses and four riders. The
 color of the first horse is: (Revelation 6:2.)

2. What does the rider on this horse carry in his hand and wear on his head? (Revelation 6:2.)
He carries a bow and wears a crown.
He carries a sword and wears a helmet.
He carries an olive branch and wears a turban.

Many biblical historians believe this first seal represents Jesus and the gospel and the early spread of Christianity. In the vision of the seven churches, it corresponds to the church of Ephesus. White signifies the pure faith of the early believers. The bow represents their sweeping over the strongholds of Satan with the kingdom of Christ. The crown symbolizes their spiritual conquests based on Christ's victory over sin on the cross.

The fledgling Christian church was composed of highly committed followers of Jesus and His teachings. In the book of Acts we are told believers studied their Bibles, prayed for each other, worshiped God together, shared meals, manifested love and kindness, met each other's physical needs, and talked to others about what God had done for them personally. One of the earliest pagan reactions to the Christian movement in the first century was, "See how these Christians love one another!" As a result, thousands from pagan and Jewish backgrounds decided to accept Christ.

Second Seal: Conflict
(Second through fourth centuries A.D.)

Read Revelation 6:3, 4.

As the Lamb opens the second seal a change is taking place. John is told to "come and see"—-that is to watch as history unfolds.

3. What is the color of the second horse that John sees? (Revelation 6:4.)

Two negative events were seen taking place. (vs. 4)

4. What does the rider on this horse take from the earth? (Revelation 6:4.)

5. What does the rider on this horse cause people to do? (Revelation 6:4.)
   Kill one another.
   Cheat one another.
   Love one another.

Persecution breaks out during this period of Christian history, which parallels to a certain degree the church of Smyrna. The red of the second horse represents the blood of the martyrs. Historians tell us that thousands of believers were crucified, burned, or butchered for their faith in Jesus. Some of the faithful were starved to death in a forty-foot hole deep in Rome's Mamertine Prison. To add to their suffering, bags of food and jars of water were hung down by ropes—just out of their reach. When they died, their bodies were dumped into a sewer that drained into the Tiber River.

Third Seal: Famine
(Fourth through sixth centuries A.D.)

Read Revelation 6:5, 6.

This seal presents us with Christianity as the official state religion of the Roman Empire under the reign of Constantine. In this period Christianity spiraled downward. The black horse represents the corruption of the church. It suggests death, sorrow, and spiritual darkness.

6. What does the rider on the third horse carry in his hand? (Revelation 6:5.)
   A bag of money.
   A collection of scrolls.
   A pair of scales.

The pair of scales represent a two-sided power, a mixture of church and state. Constantine used the might of the Roman Empire to enforce Christian observance. The barley, wheat, and oil refer to the basics for making bread. It takes a day's wage just to buy a loaf. In other words, famine has struck. But it's not a famine for food, but for the Word of God.

The church's traditions turned the faith into what one historian calls "mechanical Christianity." Ritual replaced spiritual nurture. The clear principles of Scripture were all but drowned out in a flood of false teachings.

Fourth Seal: Widespread Death
(Sixth through sixteenth centuries A.D.)

Read Revelation 6:7, 8.

Jesus said the world would know we are Christians by our love. He even told us to love our enemies. But at its lowest point, the official Christian church turned this teaching on its head. It began to persecute those who questioned its absolute authority. The church of the Roman Empire came to believe it was justified in executing those who didn't accept all her doctrines. Church officials actually hauled people before tribunals because of their beliefs about the mode of baptism or the proper day of worship or the worship of images. Millions were tortured and murdered because they chose to follow the Bible when church teachings contradicted it.

7. What color is the fourth horse that John saw? (Revelation 6:8.)

8. By what methods does the rider on this horse kill people? (Revelation 6:8.)
   Sword, hunger, death, and wild beasts.
   Pestilence, war, starvation, and natural disasters.
   Fire, water, smoke, and disease.

To think about: In your opinion, what are the two most prominent ways Satan attacks and corrupts society today?

Fifth Seal: The Cry of the Martyrs
(Sixteenth through nineteenth centuries A.D.)

Read Revelation 6:9, 10.

Brave Protestant reformers had to champion the primacy of God's Word while the blood of martyrs still ran in the streets and the smell of a "heretic's" burning flesh still hung in the air. But the age of persecution finally gave way to the age of reformation. When asked to give up his Bible-based faith in favor of human traditions, Martin Luther, referring to the Bible, declared, "Here I stand, I cannot do otherwise, God help me!"

As the Lamb opens the fifth seal, John sees all those who died a martyr's death because of their faithfulness to God and His Word. These champions of the faith begin crying out:

9. What does John hear the martyrs crying out when the Lamb opens the fifth seal?
    (Revelation 6:10.)

"Why, O Lord, did You allow us to be killed and die a martyr's death?"
"How long, O Lord, until You judge and avenge our blood on those who live on earth?"
"What reward, O Lord, will we receive for giving up our lives for You?"

10. What does God give to these martyrs in response to their question? (Revelation 6:11.)
   A golden crown.
   A throne in heaven.
A white robe.

What do you think is the meaning of God's gift to the martyrs?

When the martyrs asked, "How long?" God answered, in essence, "Just a little while longer until My plans can reach complete fulfillment." The sixth seal is opened immediately after this. In a sense, it's a response to the question, "How long?"

Have you ever felt so bad that all you could do was cry out, "God, how long?" How does it make you feel when you discover that God really is there with you, loving you and making something good come out of a terrible experience?

Sixth Seal: Cosmic Disturbances
(Eighteenth century A.D. through the second coming of Jesus)

When the sixth seal is opened, John views certain events which are signs Christ's second coming is getting near. They are important events because they are God's way of telling us, "I will soon end the tragedy of sin and suffering on the Earth and in the universe."

11. What four events take place when the sixth seal is opened? (Revelation 6:12, 13.)
    A great earthquake occurs; the sun becomes dark; the moon looks like blood; and the
         stars fall from heaven.

   Jesus returns from heaven; the righteous dead are raised to life; the wicked are destroyed;
         and the oceans are dried up.
   Mountains fall into the sea; one-third of the people on earth die; the sun scorches the
         earth; and a great famine occurs.

The first of these signs occurred on November 1, 1755. A terrible earthquake in Lisbon leveled this city of 150,000 inhabitants. The convulsions were felt over a four-million-square-mile area in Europe and Africa. On certain coastlines, the sea rose fifty feet above its ordinary level.

A few years later on May 19, 1780, broad daylight suddenly turned to deep darkness. R.M. Devens described it in Our First Century: "Almost, if not altogether alone, as the most mysterious and as yet unexplained phenomenon of its kind, in nature's diversified range of events, during the last century, stands the dark day . . . Eyewitnesses of the Dark Day said that the next night as they looked up at the sky, they saw a moon that was the color of blood-red" (pp. 89, 90).

Mr. Devens also wrote about a memorable night when the stars fell: "Extensive and magnificent showers of shooting stars have been known to occur at various places in modern times; but the most universal and wonderful which has ever been recorded is that of the thirteenth of November, 1833, the whole firmament, over all the United States, being then, for hours, in fiery commotion!" (pp. 329, 330). (References from R.M. Devens, Our First Century, quoted from God Cares, Vol. 2, Maxwell, pp. 195-198.)

How well do these events qualify as the fulfillment of Christ's predictions? Each event was notable in its own right. Jesus said the signs would immediately follow the tribulation of those days, and they did. The evidence reveals that these signs were fulfilled as they followed the described biblical sequence. It is also possible that similar events may occur again at Jesus' second coming since the Bible describes nature being shaken out of its normal course at that time.

12. What happens next? (Revelation 6:14.)
    The Devil is destroyed.
    The sky is rolled up like a scroll, and every mountain and island are moved out of their places.
    The battle of Armageddon begins, and the whole world is engulfed in war and violence.

Notice the reaction of those who do not have a personal relationship with Jesus. (vss. 15, 16)

13. Where do those who are not ready to meet Jesus try to hide? (Revelation 6:15.)
     In the caves and rocks of the mountains.
    In churches and cathedrals all over the world.
    In large cities.

14. What are they hiding from? (Revelation 6:16.)
    The face of God who sits on the throne and the wrath of the Lamb.
    The angels of God who have been commissioned to kill the wicked.
    Mobs of wicked people who are attacking anyone they can find.

15. What do those who are hiding ask for? (Revelation 6:16.)
    For the rocks and mountains to fall on them and hide them.
    For forgiveness of their sins.
    For protection from the lawless bands of people who are roaming the earth.

16. What question do those are hiding ask? (Revelation 6:17.)
    "What can we do to be saved?"
    "Who will protect us from the calamities that are coming on the earth?"
    "Who is able to stand in the great day of God's wrath?"

Today we can say, the earthquake is over, the dark day is history, and the bloody moon and shower of stars have also come on us in the sequence prophesied. What is the next major event? The coming of Jesus! Yes, Jesus is coming. Each individual must answer the question, "And who shall be able to stand?" All the money in the world and all the status in the world won't prepare us for that day. Human beings will divide sharply into two groups when they look up and see Christ flashing across the sky: those who beg the rocks to crush them and those who recognize the One whose blood has washed away their sins. The rocks or the blood of the Lamb—there is no other choice. And no one can make it for you. But all of heaven is working to help you choose Jesus.

The Time Between Seals 6 and 7
(Just prior to the second coming of Jesus)

Before Jesus opens the seventh seal, God gives us a wonderful preview of the joy of those who are redeemed. He wants each of us to know that we can be part of the great numberless multitude from every nation who stand confidently before God's throne. And God explains that before Christ returns to Earth, He will mark, or "seal," those who are His. It's a sign that declares, "This is a child of the king." This interlude in the prophetic sequence gives us further assurance about the day all human suffering will end and an eternity with God begin.

Read Revelation 7.

17. What are the four angels who stand at the four corners of the earth told to do? (Revelation 7:1-3.)
To go throughout the earth and kill everyone who has rejected the Lamb.
 To go throughout the earth and call on men and women to repent of their sins.
To hold back the four winds so that they would not blow on the earth and harm it.

18. How long were the angels to do this? (Revelation 7:3.)
 Until everyone who had rejected the Lamb was killed.
 Until everyone had repented of their sins.
 Until the servants of God are sealed in their foreheads.

The winds represent what we usually call "the storms of life." They are destructive forces poised to bring human history to its climax. The angels are told to delay the cataclysms about to fall on the world and its inhabitants, represented by "earth, sea, and trees," until God seals His people. The seal is placed on the forehead. This implies individuals have used their minds to freely make a decision to follow Christ. They weren't coerced into some loyalty to human tradition. They reflected on the truths of God's Word. And they chose to be set apart as a child of the king.

19. What two groups are sealed? (Revelation 7:4, 9.)
    144,000 from the tribes of Israel and a huge multitude from all nations.
    144,000 Gentiles and all those who are alive when Jesus comes.

144,000 Christians and those Jews who accept Jesus before He returns.

This is a message of hope for all men and women! The 144,000 represent a group which goes through the end-time crisis on Earth and remains alive when Jesus returns. The great multitude represents all those since the creation of Earth who have accepted Jesus as the Lord and Savior of their lives. Notice that those in both groups are dressed in "white robes" (vss. 9, 14). Both have right standing with God only because they've been forgiven by Jesus; they've been cleansed by His blood.

The Seventh Seal
(Second Coming to the new heavens and Earth)

Read Revelation 8:1.

20. What happens when the last seal-the seventh seal-is opened? (Revelation 8:1.)
   The wicked are given one last chance to repent and accept Jesus.
   There is silence in heaven for a half hour.
The righteous people who have died are raised to life.

The silence in heaven is a silence of great expectation. It precedes the most awesome event in human history. Heaven is quiet because Jesus and the angels have left; they're coming to Earth; they're coming for the followers of Jesus, for the children of the King; they are going to take us back to our heavenly home.

§ § §

Henry Martin, a brilliant Cambridge scholar, devoted his life to Bible translation in the Hindu and Muslim worlds. His brief life was filled with incredible adventures—dodging Arab pirates, walking across steaming hot deserts, crossing remote mountain passes on horseback. But he completed a New Testament in Hindustani and supervised translations into Persian and Arabic. One of the reasons this frail, tubercular man showed great stamina was that he had a wonderful Companion through all his treks. Once he wrote, "My joy was too great for my body. How sweet to walk with Jesus—to love Him and to die for Him."

Friends, eternity has a face; it's the face of Jesus. And each one of us can have a home with this wonderful Companion in heaven. He doesn't want us to miss out. He doesn't want our place at His table to be empty. Say "yes" to the One who is coming to take you home. You too can be sealed as a child of the King.

To think about: As you have studied the seven seals how has God spoken to you? What would you like to say to Jesus?


Father, thank You for the forgiveness of sin and for the promise of always loving us. I want to be ready to live in heaven with You. Thank You for helping me to be ready. In the name of Jesus. Amen.

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